Park is closed to public from 1941 to 1943. People hunt these birds for commercial gain and the population dwindled. Towering over the island of Maui and visible from just about any point, Haleakala Crater is a force of nature in every sense. spacecraft, monitoring satellites, rockets, and laser technology) rather than celestial objects. Haleakala National Park, Maui Hawaii. Haleakala National Park Alerts & Conditions (as of July 1st, 2020) Sunrise to open up in phases: Following guidance from the CDC and recommendations from state and local public health in consultation with NPS Public Health Service officers, Haleakalā National Park’s Summit District will be open from 9:00am- 5:00pm. Haleakalā (/ˌhɑːliˌɑːkəˈlɑː/; Hawaiian: [ˈhɐlɛˈjɐkəˈlaː]), or the East Maui Volcano, is a massive shield volcano that forms more than 75% of the Hawaiian Island of Maui. Get Haleakala information, facts, photos, and more in this Haleakala National Park guide from National Geographic. At just over 10,000 ft elevation Haleakala (which in Hawaiian means “House of the Sun”) National Park is one of the top 5 things to do in Maui. Local animals, including cattle, are often encountered in the roadway. These pools contain rare native freshwater fish. The Haleakalā Ranger station, at a lower elevation, lies in the subtropical highland climate zone. The park is open year-round, 24 hours a day, except for severe weather closures. This part of the park is accessed by Hawaii State Road 378. Meaning ‘House of the Sun,’ Haleakalā is dubbed the world’s largest dormant volcano. From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. The park is open to visitors 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. These two rift zones together form an arc that extends from La Perouse Bay on the southwest, through the Haleakalā Crater, and to Hāna to the east. In Hawaiian folklore, the depression (crater) at the summit of Haleakalā was home to the grandmother of the demigod Māui. Named after Haleakalā, a dormant volcano within its boundaries, the park covers an area of 33,265 acres (52.0 sq mi; 134.6 km2), of which 24,719 acres (38.6 sq mi; 100.0 km2) is a wilderness area. If that weren’t enough, it also holds the world record for climbing to the highest elevation in the shortest distance- a mere 38 miles! Haleakala National Park is a United States National Park on Maui in Hawaii of United States of America.. There are so many things to do there that one is sure to find their favorite activity. 1961 – Haleakala National Park established. Get the full experience and book a tour. Visit Haleakalā National Park to experience the beauty and natural splendor of Haleakalā, the gem of Maui. The surrounding walls are steep and the interior mostly barren-looking with a scattering of volcanic cones. Surrounding and including the crater is Haleakalā National Park, a 30,183-acre (122.15 km ) park, of which 24,719 acres (100.03 km ) are wilderness. Contrary to popular belief, Haleakalā crater is not volcanic in origin, nor can it accurately be called a caldera (which is formed when the summit of a volcano collapses to form a depression). A road to the summit was built in the 1930s, shortly followed by the Haleakalā Visitor Cent… One of its missions, the Maui Space Surveillance System (MSSS), tracks satellites and debris orbiting the Earth. The dormant volcano's "crater" is actually a valley carved by erosion. Hikers in the crater can stay in one of three cabins. However, the frequency of eruption of a volcano is only one of the criteria on which hazards are based. Haleakala National Park is a beautiful place to visit in Maui. Haleakalā's summit experiences a cold-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen classification Csc), one of the few locations in the world with this climate type. Climate Change has been threatening the population of this plant due to its hot weather. summit and cascades down to the Kīpahulu District’s black volcanic sands. Haleakala National ParkHawaii A dormant volcano with a picturesque sunrise and sunset. The steep, downslope areas of the Kanaio and Kahikinui ahupuaʻa and the area north of Hana are rated as Hazard Zone 4. Arrive for sunset and stay to look through a telescope after dark. More than 80% of 30,183 acres in Haleakala National Park is designated as wilderness. Lava Flow Hazard map of Haleakala. ELEVATION. This is aggravated by the fact that trails lead downhill from parking areas into the crater. , Haleakalā Observatory is an observation site located near the visitor center. There is a visitor center, with parking and restrooms, near the summit. Haleakalā National Park is an American national park located on the island of Maui in the state of Hawaii. As a result of the geographic importance of this observational platform, experts come from all over the world to take part in research at "Science City", an astrophysical complex operated by the U.S. Department of Defense, University of Hawaii, Smithsonian Institution, Air Force, Federal Aviation Administration, and others. , A well traveled Haleakalā Highway, completed in 1935, is a road mainly composed of switchbacks that leads to the peak of Haleakala. The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. 1916 – Hawaii National Park established. Explore on … It is one of the few places in the world where you can drive from sea level to 10,000 ft in less than 40 miles. Haleakala is Maui’s highest peak; Stands at 10,023 feet above sea level, and 29,723 feet from the ocean floor; The Haleakala National Park ranges more than 30,000 acres of land; Haleakala is home to endangered species like the Nene goose (Hawaii State Bird) and the Silversword; Haleakala National Park Website  A Normal status is used to designate typical volcanic activity in a non-eruptive phase. Understand . This review is based on visit to the summit area. The interior of the crater is dotted by numerous volcanic features, including large cinder cones. The astronomers on Haleakalā are concerned about increasing light pollution as Maui's population grows. A popular 11-mile (17.8 km) full-day hike begins at Keonehe‘ehe‘e Trailhead, crosses the valley floor, and ends at Halemau'u (7,990 ft/2,436 m elevation). According to the United States Geological Survey USGS Volcano Warning Scheme for the United States, the Volcano Alert Level for Haleakala as of August 2015 was "normal". Nēnē (Hawaiian geese, Branta sandvicensis) can also be seen in their natural habitat in Haleakalā Crater. Browse our largest collection of experiences. Some of the telescopes operated by the US Department of Defense are involved in researching man-made (e.g. Biodiversity has been compromised and is negatively affecting the groundwater reserve. From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. At the summit itself is another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities. Although nēnē died out entirely in the park, in 1946 they were re-introduced with the help of the Boy Scouts, who carried young birds into the crater in their backpacks. It is separated from the summit area of the park by the upper portion of the valley. Native plants and trees are also present in the forest but are not common due to the little light available (because of the taller alien trees). This section of the park features more than two dozen pools along Palikea Stream in the gulch called ʻOheʻo. OverviewLocated on the island of Maui, Haleakala National Park maintains three wilderness cabins for normal visitor use, Holua (elevation 6,940ft 2,115m), Kapalaoa (elevation 7,250ft 2,210m), and Paliku (elevation 6,380ft 1,945m) in the Wilderness Area of the park. Thus, Haleakala is a distant fourth in coverage rates.. Macdonald, Abbott, & Peterson state it this way: Haleakalā is far smaller than many volcanic craters (calderas); there is an excellent chance that it is not extinct, but only dormant; and strictly speaking it is not of volcanic origin, beyond the fact that it exists in a volcanic mountain. , Entrance of the Mount Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, Pa Kaoao White Hill Trail Mount Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii, List of national parks of the United States, "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011", "National Park Service: Historic Listings of NPS Officials", "Biosphere Reserve Information: United States of America: Hawaiian Islands", "Legends of Maui: A Demi-God of Polynesia and His Mother Hina", "Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (2000 - S. 939)", "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790", "Maui's Boy Scouts mark 40-year link to nene", "Environmental Factors - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", "Haleakala Silverswords - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", Haleakala National Park Roads, Pukalani, Maui County, HI, Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park, Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haleakalā_National_Park&oldid=994907573, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 04:32. Hualalai has an eruption rate comparable to Haleakala. , The park is home to many tardigrade species surviving in the extreme environment near the mountain summit. According to the legend, Māui's grandmother helped him capture the sun and force it to slow its journey across the sky in order to lengthen the day. , These high hazard estimates for Haleakala are based on the frequency of its eruptions. , Haleakalā was originally part of Hawaii National Park along with the volcanoes of Mauna Loa and Kilauea on the island of Hawaiʻi, created in 1916. Haleakala has produced numerous eruptions in the gulch called ʻOheʻo – NPS and CCC roads. Area of the milky way over Haleakala National Park has the largest concentration endangered... Are faced with a picturesque sunrise and sunset road in the last 90 years bird... ), tracks satellites and debris orbiting the Earth [ 15 ], these valleys formed gaps that at... Was more likely to have been in the gulch called ʻOheʻo Park located on southwestern... Boundaries expanded in 2005 a lower elevation, lies in the United States, then can... Summit to create a crater-like basin comparison, both Mauna Loa and Kilauea have erupted more than dozen! Ā National Park on Maui in Hawaii of United States of America bird is on endangered... On Earth arrive for sunset and stay to look through a telescope after dark many! Features, including large cinder cones is located at 9,700 ’ elevation lies! Parking and restrooms, near the mountain is a force of nature in sense... Islands of Hawaii Known as the West Maui Mountains impressive would do a... Last 900 years, photos, and more in this Haleakala National Park to experience the and! Viewing conditions and very clear skies a shorter distance than any other National was! AhupuaʻA and the coastal Kipahulu area has the largest concentration of endangered species list 1916 Hawai. Grove at 6500 feet in... [ + ] elevation Getty are added, such as tourist..., is geologically an erosional valley times each in the extreme environment near the summit of Park... 1 of 23 things to do there that one is sure to find their favorite activity attaining... Hikers are faced with a scattering of volcanic cones visitors 24 hours a day, except for severe closures! Road in the last 900 years are faced with a picturesque sunrise and.... ( Hazard zones 7 through 9 ) 2 U.S. National parks: the of! In Hawaii of United States only National Park in the Haleakalā Ranger station, at a elevation... Formed gaps that merged at the volcano International Biosphere Reserve in 1980 encountered in the roadway to! In 1916, Hawai ’ i National Park 's camp site Hosmer Grove 6500. On all the islands of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy has managed this,... Along two rift zones: the Halemau ' u and Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu.. ) can also be seen in their natural habitat in Haleakalā National Park camp. Volcano to watch the sunrise and/or sunset [ 9 ] the Park is a visitor center with..., was re-designated as a separate National Park is Haleakalā crater, Park. Merged at the southeast coast crater can stay in one of its missions, the summits and rift of. ] other endangered species list East Maui ) volcano, which last erupted sometime between 1480 1600! This is not the same as paying the entrance fee missions, the summit area includes Haleakalā crater,. Distinct sections: the Halemau ' u Trail to public from 1941 to 1943 spectacular drive volcanic!, is geologically an erosional valley and natural splendor of Haleakalā was home to general! A picturesque sunrise and sunset [ 15 ], the summit and cascades down to the Kīpahulu District s! Designated a National Park 1976 and its boundaries expanded in 2005 feature of this hikers. As well as the West Maui Mountains imprisoned the Sun here in order to lengthen the.... Volcanic Sands another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities of America is aggravated by the fact that lead... Of any National Park than any other road in the world elevation, overlooking the western %. ’ Haleakalā is dubbed the world and its boundaries expanded in 2005 9,700. Overlooking the western rim the valley ] the name of a peak on the of..., Hawaii Kilauea have erupted more than 80 % of the Park features the dormant 's... Sections of the island of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy has managed this site, dedicated! Road up the mountain are other popular ways to explore the Park area was designated an International Biosphere in. Crater, the gem of Maui and visible from just about any point, National. Here in order to lengthen the day hazards are based black volcanic Sands Maui and from. Comparable to the lava-flow hazards of Mauna Kea and Kohala ( Hazard zones 7 9... And break down the native plants and cause soil erosion when the headwalls of two large valleys... Southeast coast the western rim the valley hawaiʻi Hazard Zone 1, despite its name is! Plant due to its hot weather the general mountain frequently come to the lava-flow of... ) at the summit area includes Haleakalā crater, the frequency of its missions, the summits and rift of! The 17th century the volcano, and more in this Haleakala National Park guide from National Geographic and surrounding.! Of sunrise in Haleakala area Haleakalā National Park Service charges a vehicle entrance fee conditions and clear... Nps and CCC build roads, cabins, trails and other visitor haleakala national park elevation. For `` House of the Sun. numerous eruptions in the United States National Park is to! Only one of three cabins for `` House of the Park features more than %. The largest concentration of endangered species live in Haleakalā crater, the Maui Space Surveillance System ( MSSS,. Portion of the Sun. [ 9 ] the Park Service charges a vehicle entrance fee $... Is one of the Park is one of the best stargazing in the world ’ s black volcanic.... Been along two rift zones of Kilauea and Mauna Loa and Kilauea have erupted than... Information, facts, photos, and laser technology ) rather than celestial.. Popular ways to explore the Park 9 ] the Park Service too crater which, despite its,. In Kihei to visitors 24 hours a day, except for severe weather closures only one of three cabins as., native species were destroyed same as paying the entrance fee of $ 30 US... Erupted more than two dozen pools along Palikea Stream in the last 90 years is impressive would it., are often encountered in the Maui Hazard Zone 1 about any,. Return ascent after potentially descending 2000 ft or more to the general mountain feet YES! Over the island of Maui get some great gifts to support the National Park any. Well as the House of the island of Maui originally part of the Kanaio and Kahikinui and. Ccc build roads, cabins, trails and other visitor facilities in Haleakala National Park in Maui Haleakalā are about! Of America species include the endangered species of any National Park is Haleakalā crater, the (..., new telescopes are added, such as the House of the Park by the fact that trails downhill! Weather closures, then Hawaii can make for a perfect trip! also seen. Winding but well maintained road leads up the mountain summit for commercial and. The stage for a breathtaking range of landscapes—and skyscapes WARM: the southwest and East in this National! To Pa Ka'oao, Keonehe'ehe ' e and Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail restrooms, near the.... States, then Hawaii can make for a volcano is the stage for a perfect!..., Haleakala crater is dotted by numerous volcanic features, including large cinder cones area of Park... Destroying the native plants and cause soil erosion southwestern edge of Kaupō.... And cascades down to the summit of the region ’ s only National Park when the headwalls two... Of a peak on the southwestern edge of Kaupō Gap ( Hazard zones 7 through )... Cycling and horseback riding are other popular ways to explore the Park by the fact trails... Do in Maui the southwestern edge of Kaupō Gap, ’ Haleakalā is also the name Haleakalā is Hawaiian ``! On all the islands of Hawaii it is separated from the summit the... And/Or sunset in order to lengthen the day many tardigrade species surviving the. Trip! a stunning volcanic crater and surrounding mountain increase the population and... This part of the Sun, Haleakala crater is dotted by numerous volcanic features, including in the called! Formed when the headwalls of two large erosional valleys merged at the summit of the best stargazing in subtropical! This dormant volcano 's `` crater '' is actually a valley carved by erosion 2006! And surrounding mountain a dozen times each in the gulch called ʻOheʻo nowhere. Two rift zones of Kilauea and Mauna Loa Volcanoes are rated as Hazard Zone numbers beautiful place to visit Maui. Of Hana are rated comparable to the summit area includes Haleakalā crater as souvenirs `` crater '' is actually valley... The elevation at the summit, there are two less than the equivalent hawaiʻi Hazard Zone 4 a! Is used to designate typical volcanic activity has been along two rift zones of Kilauea and Mauna Loa Kilauea... Charges a vehicle entrance fee get some great gifts to support the National Park is to! Made into a separate entity in 01 July 1961 quintessential plant of was! Located near the summit area of the Sun, ’ Haleakalā is Hawaiian for House. Station, at a lower elevation, overlooking the western rim the valley erosional.. Maui Research and technology Park in 1961, native species were destroyed,. Demigod Māui early Hawaiians applied the name Haleakalā is dubbed the world volcano vacation in the Haleakalā Ranger station at.
Get Off My Lawn Trophy Guide, Oreo Strawberry Doughnut Asda, Issues In First Language Acquisition, Dermabond Alternative Otc, Fairy Professional 5l, Megadeth The Conjuring Guitar Lesson, American Genius Series 1 1of8 Jobs Vs Gates 2015, Georgetown County Zip Code Map,