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haleakala national park elevation

Park is closed to public from 1941 to 1943. People hunt these birds for commercial gain and the population dwindled. Towering over the island of Maui and visible from just about any point, Haleakala Crater is a force of nature in every sense. spacecraft, monitoring satellites, rockets, and laser technology) rather than celestial objects. Haleakala National Park, Maui Hawaii. Haleakala National Park Alerts & Conditions (as of July 1st, 2020) Sunrise to open up in phases: Following guidance from the CDC and recommendations from state and local public health in consultation with NPS Public Health Service officers, Haleakalā National Park’s Summit District will be open from 9:00am- 5:00pm. Haleakalā (/ˌhɑːliˌɑːkəˈlɑː/; Hawaiian: [ˈhɐlɛˈjɐkəˈlaː]), or the East Maui Volcano, is a massive shield volcano that forms more than 75% of the Hawaiian Island of Maui. Get Haleakala information, facts, photos, and more in this Haleakala National Park guide from National Geographic. At just over 10,000 ft elevation Haleakala (which in Hawaiian means “House of the Sun”) National Park is one of the top 5 things to do in Maui. Local animals, including cattle, are often encountered in the roadway. These pools contain rare native freshwater fish. The Haleakalā Ranger station, at a lower elevation, lies in the subtropical highland climate zone. The park is open year-round, 24 hours a day, except for severe weather closures. This part of the park is accessed by Hawaii State Road 378. Meaning ‘House of the Sun,’ Haleakalā is dubbed the world’s largest dormant volcano. From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. The park is open to visitors 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. These two rift zones together form an arc that extends from La Perouse Bay on the southwest, through the Haleakalā Crater, and to Hāna to the east. In Hawaiian folklore, the depression (crater) at the summit of Haleakalā was home to the grandmother of the demigod Māui. Named after Haleakalā, a dormant volcano within its boundaries, the park covers an area of 33,265 acres (52.0 sq mi; 134.6 km2),[1] of which 24,719 acres (38.6 sq mi; 100.0 km2) is a wilderness area. If that weren’t enough, it also holds the world record for climbing to the highest elevation in the shortest distance- a mere 38 miles! Haleakala National Park is a United States National Park on Maui in Hawaii of United States of America.. There are so many things to do there that one is sure to find their favorite activity. 1961 – Haleakala National Park established. Get the full experience and book a tour. Visit Haleakalā National Park to experience the beauty and natural splendor of Haleakalā, the gem of Maui. The surrounding walls are steep and the interior mostly barren-looking with a scattering of volcanic cones. Surrounding and including the crater is Haleakalā National Park, a 30,183-acre (122.15 km ) park, of which 24,719 acres (100.03 km ) are wilderness. Contrary to popular belief, Haleakalā crater is not volcanic in origin, nor can it accurately be called a caldera (which is formed when the summit of a volcano collapses to form a depression). A road to the summit was built in the 1930s, shortly followed by the Haleakalā Visitor Cent… One of its missions, the Maui Space Surveillance System (MSSS), tracks satellites and debris orbiting the Earth. The dormant volcano's "crater" is actually a valley carved by erosion. Hikers in the crater can stay in one of three cabins. However, the frequency of eruption of a volcano is only one of the criteria on which hazards are based. Haleakala National Park is a beautiful place to visit in Maui. Haleakalā's summit experiences a cold-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen classification Csc), one of the few locations in the world with this climate type. Climate Change has been threatening the population of this plant due to its hot weather. summit and cascades down to the Kīpahulu District’s black volcanic sands. Haleakala National ParkHawaii A dormant volcano with a picturesque sunrise and sunset. The steep, downslope areas of the Kanaio and Kahikinui ahupuaʻa and the area north of Hana are rated as Hazard Zone 4. Arrive for sunset and stay to look through a telescope after dark. More than 80% of 30,183 acres in Haleakala National Park is designated as wilderness. Lava Flow Hazard map of Haleakala. ELEVATION. This is aggravated by the fact that trails lead downhill from parking areas into the crater. [16], Haleakalā Observatory is an observation site located near the visitor center. There is a visitor center, with parking and restrooms, near the summit. Haleakalā National Park is an American national park located on the island of Maui in the state of Hawaii. As a result of the geographic importance of this observational platform, experts come from all over the world to take part in research at "Science City", an astrophysical complex operated by the U.S. Department of Defense, University of Hawaii, Smithsonian Institution, Air Force, Federal Aviation Administration, and others. [11][12], A well traveled Haleakalā Highway, completed in 1935, is a road mainly composed of switchbacks that leads to the peak of Haleakala. The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. 1916 – Hawaii National Park established. Explore on … It is one of the few places in the world where you can drive from sea level to 10,000 ft in less than 40 miles. Haleakala is Maui’s highest peak; Stands at 10,023 feet above sea level, and 29,723 feet from the ocean floor; The Haleakala National Park ranges more than 30,000 acres of land; Haleakala is home to endangered species like the Nene goose (Hawaii State Bird) and the Silversword; Haleakala National Park Website [2] A Normal status is used to designate typical volcanic activity in a non-eruptive phase. Understand []. This review is based on visit to the summit area. The interior of the crater is dotted by numerous volcanic features, including large cinder cones. The astronomers on Haleakalā are concerned about increasing light pollution as Maui's population grows. A popular 11-mile (17.8 km) full-day hike begins at Keonehe‘ehe‘e Trailhead, crosses the valley floor, and ends at Halemau'u (7,990 ft/2,436 m elevation). According to the United States Geological Survey USGS Volcano Warning Scheme for the United States, the Volcano Alert Level for Haleakala as of August 2015 was "normal". Nēnē (Hawaiian geese, Branta sandvicensis) can also be seen in their natural habitat in Haleakalā Crater. Browse our largest collection of experiences. Some of the telescopes operated by the US Department of Defense are involved in researching man-made (e.g. Biodiversity has been compromised and is negatively affecting the groundwater reserve. From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. At the summit itself is another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities. Although nēnē died out entirely in the park, in 1946 they were re-introduced with the help of the Boy Scouts, who carried young birds into the crater in their backpacks. It is separated from the summit area of the park by the upper portion of the valley. Native plants and trees are also present in the forest but are not common due to the little light available (because of the taller alien trees). This section of the park features more than two dozen pools along Palikea Stream in the gulch called ʻOheʻo. OverviewLocated on the island of Maui, Haleakala National Park maintains three wilderness cabins for normal visitor use, Holua (elevation 6,940ft 2,115m), Kapalaoa (elevation 7,250ft 2,210m), and Paliku (elevation 6,380ft 1,945m) in the Wilderness Area of the park. Thus, Haleakala is a distant fourth in coverage rates.[7]. Macdonald, Abbott, & Peterson state it this way: Haleakalā is far smaller than many volcanic craters (calderas); there is an excellent chance that it is not extinct, but only dormant; and strictly speaking it is not of volcanic origin, beyond the fact that it exists in a volcanic mountain. [17], Entrance of the Mount Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, Pa Kaoao White Hill Trail Mount Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii, List of national parks of the United States, "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011", "National Park Service: Historic Listings of NPS Officials", "Biosphere Reserve Information: United States of America: Hawaiian Islands", "Legends of Maui: A Demi-God of Polynesia and His Mother Hina", "Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (2000 - S. 939)", "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790", "Maui's Boy Scouts mark 40-year link to nene", "Environmental Factors - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", "Haleakala Silverswords - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", Haleakala National Park Roads, Pukalani, Maui County, HI, Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park, Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haleakalā_National_Park&oldid=994907573, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 04:32. Hualalai has an eruption rate comparable to Haleakala. [15], The park is home to many tardigrade species surviving in the extreme environment near the mountain summit. According to the legend, Māui's grandmother helped him capture the sun and force it to slow its journey across the sky in order to lengthen the day. [6][7], These high hazard estimates for Haleakala are based on the frequency of its eruptions. [4], Haleakalā was originally part of Hawaii National Park along with the volcanoes of Mauna Loa and Kilauea on the island of Hawaiʻi, created in 1916. Haleakala has produced numerous eruptions in the gulch called ʻOheʻo – NPS and CCC roads. Area of the milky way over Haleakala National Park has the largest concentration endangered... Are faced with a picturesque sunrise and sunset road in the last 90 years bird... ), tracks satellites and debris orbiting the Earth [ 15 ], these valleys formed gaps that at... 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